Resources & Links


GeoLocate and Training
CoGe (GEOLocate Web-based collaborative client) interface for editing and reviewing community records
California Phenology Network Georeferencing Course, concise training videos using GeoLocate. See also their Resources page for other material
Georeferencing Quick Reference Guide, concise guidelines for all aspects of georeferencing; reference protocol for GLOBAL project
Georeferencing Best Practices very complete manual for all things georeference, also available as PDF (GBIF, Chapman and Wieczorek, 2020)
Illustrated Georeferencing Guidelines helpful visual booklet to locating points and creating error radii
Georeferencing in CCH2 Webinar presentation to demonstrate georeferencing localities using GeoLocate interface.
Georeferencing Mapping Resource Hub site for tools, gazetteers, data sources, training (VertNet)
iDigBio Georef. Working Group Video Tutorials tutorials
MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georef. Guidelines about assigning geographic coordinates, and maximum error distances to locality descriptions
Extracting Duplicate Georeferences from Herbarium Specimen Data Duplicate Clustering Tool in Symbiota to create output file of known duplicates with coordinates
Georeferencing Calculator application to help calculate coordinates and uncertainty
LSU Herbarium Georeferencing Guide’s guide to georeferencing fields along with links and notes
Georeferencing Tools Available for GLOBAL of georeferencing tools for the GLOBAL project


Collaborative Georeferencing with CoGe by Nelson Rios at the Tulane Univ Biodiv Inst. Product produced for the EPICC TCN
Georeferencing in CoGe outlining steps to work in the CoGe web portal


GeoNames Geographical Database names; advanced search has option for fuzzy names
World Places Map Directory
ACME Mapper general purpose mapping application; 3.0 has hiking trails layer
Mindat.org world’s largest open database of minerals, rocks, meteorites and the localities they come from; great for mountains and mine sites
Geographic.org, names, geology, climate, statistics info
Nations Online Project, names, languages
Gazeteer of the Antarctic, Nat Sci Fdn place names and coords (Datum unknown)
Peak Visor maps and peak identfication
Fuzzy Gazetteer
Get a Map

Mapping – Historical

British Library Historic Maps, documents, etc.
David Rumsey Historical Map Collection collection focuses on rare 16th through 21st century maps of North and South America, as well as maps of the World, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania.
Old Maps Online engine for historical maps
Topographic Maps of Eastern Europe collection of small and large scale historical maps of the lands of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Pale of Jewish Settlement in late Tsarist Russia.

Geographic Names

Wikipedia, of course
Statoids administrative divisions of countries; endonyms and exonyms included. The “details ” page lists more general reference sites
Countries and Names of the World countries of the world in their own languages and writing systems; with official names, capitals, flags, coats of arms, political divisions, national anthems, and translations of the countries and capitals into many languages
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) TGN includes names and associated information about places. Places in TGN include administrative political entities and physical features. Current and historical places are included.
Falling Rain of cities and towns in world
CIA World Fact Book World Factbook provides information on geography, etc.
Historical Countries – Nations Online Project of formerly used country names and names of countries which have ceased to exist. Name changes of countries, dependencies, geographical and other regions of particular geopolitical interest.
List of German exonyms for places in the Czech Republic

Country/Location Specific Guides

Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia list of Australian regions, cities, localities, etc.
Brazil – Explanation of Roads Markers Explanation numbering format for Brazilian road markers
German place + names former Czechoslovakia of historic and current names
Japan Databasing Guide to Japanese place names
Japanese Province to Prefectures of historical Japanese provinces with modern prefecture names
Irish Hill and Mountain Names of names of hills and mountains in Ireland
Scottish Cave and Mine Database Search by site name
Ordnance Survey Maps from the UK maps & routes to explore across the UK | OS Maps
Mountain Views, Hill-walking website for island of Ireland website of Irish hills, mountains, islands, and coastal features.

Coordinate Conversion

Earthpoint conversion, topographic maps–subscription not necessary for many tools
Public Lands Survey System maps and more
Movable Type between lat/long & UTM coords/MGRS grid references (Esp. useful for Finnish coordinates)
East European Lat/Long Coordinate Help Resources for Genealogical Research: Eastern Europe and Russia, touches on coordinate systems based on other prime meridians


Google Translate


Botanist Index-Harvard Univ. for info on collectors and their areas of specialty–be sure to check box for ‘Find similar sounding names’
Why georeferencing matters: Introducing a practical protocol to prepare species occurrence records for spatial analysis article exploring georeferencing protocols

If you have any questions or other resources to add, please email Julie Smith at: