Resources & Links

Georeferencing

Georeferencing Mapping Resource Hubhttp://georeferencing.org/index.htmlAggregated site for materials, methods, tutorials (VertNet)
Georeferencing Quick Reference Guidehttps://www.idigbio.org/wiki/images/1/1e/GeoreferencingQuickReferenceGuide.pdfFantastic, concise guidelines for all aspects of georeferencing; reference protocol for GLOBAL project
Georeferencing Best Practiceshttp://mb.gbif.org/documents/doc-georeferencing-best-practices/en/THE very complete manual for all things georeference, also available as PDF (GBIF, Chapman and Wieczorek, 2020)
GeoLocatehttps://www.geo-locate.org/default.htmlEducation and Training
iDigBio Georef. Working Group Video Tutorialshttps://vimeo.com/showcase/2163673On-line tutorials
MaNIS/HerpNet/ORNIS Georef. Guidelineshttp://georeferencing.org/georefcalculator/docs/GeorefGuide.htmlInformation about assigning geographic coordinates, and maximum error distances to locality descriptions
California Phenology Networkhttps://www.capturingcaliforniasflowers.org/georeferencingcourse.htmlExcellent, concise training videos using GeoLocate. See also their Resources page for other material
Extracting Duplicate Georeferences from Herbarium Specimen Datahttps://zenodo.org/record/4300889#.YDAqh-hKhPYUses Duplicate Clustering Tool in Symbiota to create output file of known duplicates with coordinates
LSU Herbarium Georeferencing Guidehttps://bit.ly/3sHeOWBLSU’s guide to georeferencing fields along with links and notes
Georeferencing Tools Available for GLOBALhttps://bit.ly/3ueBEVGSummary of georeferencing tools for the GLOBAL project

CoGe

Collaborative Georferencing with CoGehttps://epicc.berkeley.edu/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/UsingGeoLocateforCollaborativeGeoreferencing_2016.pdfDeveloped by Nelson Rios at the Tulane Univ Biodiv Inst. Product produced for the EPICC TCN
Georeferencing in CoGehttps://bit.ly/31GAndXDocument outlining steps to work in the CoGe web portal

Mapping

GeoNames Geographical Databasehttp://www.geonames.org/Place names; advanced search has option for fuzzy names
World Places Map Directoryhttps://vymaps.com/
ACME Mapperhttp://acme.com/mapper3/High-precision general purpose mapping application; 3.0 has hiking trails layer
Mindat.orghttps://www.mindat.org/The world’s largest open database of minerals, rocks, meteorites and the localities they come from; great for mountains and mine sites
Geographic.orghttps://geographic.org/Maps, names, geology, climate, statistics info
Nations Online Projecthttps://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/maps.htmMaps, names, languages
Gazeteer of the Antarctic, Nat Sci Fdnhttps://pubs.usgs.gov/msb/7000091/report.pdfAntarctic place names and coords (Datum unknown)

Mapping – Historical

British Library Historic Mapshttps://www.bl.uk/subjects/mapsMaps, documents, etc.
David Rumsey Historical Map Collectionhttps://www.davidrumsey.com/homeThe collection focuses on rare 16th through 21st century maps of North and South America, as well as maps of the World, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania.

Geographic Names

Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Pagewell, of course
Statoidshttp://statoids.com/Major administrative divisions of countries; endonyms and exonyms included. The “details ” page lists more general reference sites
Countries and Names of the Worldhttps://www.geonames.de/The countries of the world in their own languages and writing systems; with official names, capitals, flags, coats of arms, political divisions, national anthems, and translations of the countries and capitals into many languages
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN)https://www.getty.edu/research/tools/vocabularies/tgn/The TGN includes names and associated information about places. Places in TGN include administrative political entities and physical features. Current and historical places are included.
Falling Rainhttp://www.fallingrain.com/world/Directory of cities and towns in world
CIA World Fact Bookhttps://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/The World Factbook provides information on geography, etc.
Historical Countries – Nations Online Projecthttps://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/historical_countrynames.htmList of formerly used country names and names of countries which have ceased to exist. Name changes of countries, dependencies, geographical and other regions of particular geopolitical interest.

Country/Location Specific Guides

Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australiahttp://bonzle.com.au/c/aSearchable list of Australian regions, cities, localities, etc.
Brazil – Explanation of Roads Markershttps://bit.ly/3fxF81n Explanation numbering format for Brazilian road markers
German place + names former Czechoslovakiahttps://bit.ly/3fwf1blList of historic and current names
Japan Databasing Guidehttps://bit.ly/3rIODNEGuide to Japanese place names

Coordinate Conversion

Earthpointhttps://www.earthpoint.us/Convert.aspxCoordinate conversion, topographic maps–subscription not necessary for many tools
Public Lands Survey Systemhttps://www.usgs.gov/media/images/public-land-survey-system-plssUS maps and more

Translation

Google Translatehttps://translate.google.com/

Miscellaneous

Botanist Index-Harvard Univ.https://kiki.huh.harvard.edu/databases/botanist_index.htmlHelpful for info on collectors and their areas of specialty–be sure to check box for ‘Find similar sounding names’
Why georeferencing matters: Introducing a practical protocol to prepare species occurrence records for spatial analysishttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5756859/Journal article exploring georeferencing protocols

If you have any questions or other resources to add, please email Julie Smith at: jesmith7@wisc.edu.